Functional Literacy Survey
The Philippine Statistics Authority Negros Occidental Provincial Office is conducting the 2019 Functional Literacy, Education and Mass Media Survey. The FLEMMS is the sixth in a series of literacy surveys implemented nationwide.
It is designed to generate critical and essential data for administrators, planners and policy makers in the government and private sectors. The survey is one of the designated statistical activities of PSA by virtue of Executive Order 352.
The FLEMMS is the only source of functional literacy statistics in the country, which is one of the important measures of human capital development in the 2017-2021 Philippines Development Plan as well as in the previous medium-term development plans, PSA said.
Indications derived from the FLEMMS, PSA further said, are used to support the monitoring of Sustainable Development Goal Indicators under Goal 4 – Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.
Specifically, the survey aims to generate estimates on the proportion of the population aged 10 to 64 who are basically and functionally literate and determine their socio-economic characteristics, educational skill qualifications and mass media exposure.*
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Tomorrow is World Diabetes Day
Tomorrow will be observed as World Diabetes Day.
The day aims to raise awareness of diabetes, which is a growing global health problem.
In the country, at least six million adults were diagnosed to have diabetes two years ago. A point of concern is that diabetes is afflicting more young Filipinos. With the ongoing rate, the Philippines is expected to be in the Top 10 countries with the highest number of diabetes cases in the next 10 years.
Globally, an estimated 422 million adults were living with diabetes in 2014, compared to 108 million in 1980. The global prevalence of diabetes has nearly doubled since 1980, rising from 4.7 percent to 8.5 percent in the adult population. This reflects an increase in associated risk factors such as being overweight or obese. Over the past decade, diabetes prevalence has risen faster in low and middle-income countries than in high-income countries.
Diabetes is a major cause of blindness, kidney failure, heart attack, stroke and lower limb amputation. Healthy diet, physical activity and avoiding tobacco use can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes.
In addition diabetes can be treated and its consequences avoided or delayed with medication, regular screening and treatment for complications.
In 2007, the United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution A/RES/61/225 designating Nov, 14 of every year as World Diabetes Day. The document recognized “the urgent need to pursue multilateral efforts to promote and improve human health, and provide access to treatment and health-care education.”
The resolution also encouraged Member States to develop national policies for the prevention, treatment and care of diabetes in line with the sustainable development of their health-care systems.
Diabetes is a chronic disease, which occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. This leads to an increased concentration of glucose in the blood (hyperglycaemia).
Type 1 diabetes (previously known as insulin-dependent or childhood-onset diabetes) is characterized by a lack of insulin production.
Type 2 diabetes (formerly called non-insulin-dependent or adult-onset diabetes) is caused by the body’s ineffective use of insulin. It often results from excess body weight and physical inactivity.
Gestational diabetes is hyperglycaemia that is first recognized during pregnancy.*UN
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